The Officials shall be а Referee and an Umpire, who shall be assisted by a Timekeeper, a Scorer and a 30-second Ореratоr.
It cannot be too strongly emphasized that the Referee and the Umpire of a given game should not be connected in any way with either of the organizations represented on the court, and that they should be thoroughly competent and impartial. The Officials have no authority to agree to changes in the rules. Officia1s shall wear a uniform consisting of basketball or tennis shoes, long trousers, shirt or pullover, grey in colour.
The referee shall inspect and approve all equipment, including all the signals used by the Officia1s and their Assistants. He shall designate the official timepiece and recognize its operator. He shall not permit any player to wear objects which in his judgment, are dangerous to other players.
The referee shall toss the ball at сentre to start the game. He shall decide whether a goal shall count if the Officials disagree. He shall have power to forfeit a game when conditions warrant. He shall decide matters upon which the Timekeeper and Scorer disagree. At the end of each half and of each extra period be shall carefully examine the Score Sheet and approve the score. His approval at the end of the game terminates the connection of the Officials with the game.
The referee shall have power to make decisions on any point not specifically covered in the rules.
The Officials shall conduct the game in accordance with the
rules. This includes: putting the ball in play, determining when the
ball becomes dead and killing it with the whistle when neссesary or
blowing the whistle to stop action after the ball has beсome dead,
administering penaltes, ordering time-out, beckoning substitutes to
сome on the court, handing (not tossing) ball to a player when such
player is to make a throw-in from out-of-bounds whenever this is
provided for in these rules (see art. 64 and 77) and silently counting
seconds to administer provisions contained in articles 31, 55, 58, 64
Before the beginning of the game the Officials shall agree upon a division of the playing court, to be covered by each of them. After each foul involving a free throw penalty, even if not executed, and after each jump ball decision the Officia1s shall exchange their places.
The Officials shall blow a whistle whenever neсessary to make known a decision. The Officials shall not whistle after a goal from the field or resulting from a free throw, but shall clearly indicate that a goal has been scored by using a conventional sign clearly visible to the Scorer's tabe.
The Officials shall have power to make decisions for infraction of the rules committed either within or outside the boundary lines; also at any moment from the beginning of play to the calling of time at the end of the game. This includes the periods when the game may be momentarily stopped for any reason.
Neither Official shall have authority to set aside or question decisions made by the other within the limits of his respective duties as outlined in these rules.
If the Officials make approximately simultaneous decisions on the same play and the infractions involve different penalties, the more severe penalty shall be imposed. This does not prevent a double foul as defined in article 79.
When a foul is committed, the Officials shall indicate the offender, signalling his number to the Scorer with his fingers. If it is a personal foul involving a free throw penalty, the Official shall signal this clearly by indicating the free throw line; be shall also indicate the player who is to attempt the free throws. If no throw is involved, the Official shall hand the ball to the player who is to put it into play from the sideline.
The Officials shall penalize unsportsmanlike conduct by any player, coach, substitute or team follower. If there is a flagrant case of such conduct, the Officia1s shall penalize by removing any offending player from the game and banishing any offending substitute, coach, attendant or follower.
The Scorer shall keep a chronological running summary of the points scored; be shall record the field goals made and the free throws made or missed. He shall record the personal and technical fouls called on each player and shall notify the referee immediately when the fifth foul is called on any player. He shall record the time-outs charged to each team, and shall notify a Coach through an Official when he has taken a second time-out in each half. He shall also indicate the number of fouls committed by each player by using the numbered markers as provided in article 11-e.
The Scorer shall keep a record of the nates and numbers of players who are to start the game and of all substitutes who enter the game. When there is an infraction of the rules pertaining to submission of line-up, substitutions or numbers of players, be shall notify the nearer Official as soon as possible when the infraction is discovered.
The sounding of the Scorer's signal does not stop the game. He should be careful to sound his signal on1y when the ball is dead and the game watch is stopped, and before the ball is again in play.
It is essential that the Scorer's signal be different from that of the Timekeeper and of the Officials.
The Timekeeper shall note when each half is to start and shall notify the referee more than three minutes before this time so that he may notify the teams, or cause them to be notified, al least three minutes before the half is to start. He shall signal the Scorer two minutes before starting time. He shall keep record of playing time and time of stoppage as provided in these rules.
For a charged time-out the Timekeeper shall start a time-out watch and shall direct the Scorer to signal the referee when it is time to resume play.
The Timekeeper shall indicate with a gong, pistol or bell the expiration of playing time in each half, or extra period. This signal terminates actual playing time in each period. If the Timekeeper's signal fails to sound, or if it is not heard, the Timekeeper shall go on the court or use other means to notify the referee immediately. If, in the meantime, a goal has been made or a foul has occurred, the referee shall consult the Timekeeper and the Scorer. If they agree that the time was up before the ball was in the air on its way to the basket, or before the foul was committed, the referee shall rule that the goal does not count or in case of a foul, that it shall be disregarded unless it is unsportsmanlike; but if they disagree, the goal shall count or the foul be penalized unless the referee has knowledge that would alter this ruling.
The 30-second Operator shall operate the 30-second device or watch (see art. 11-b) as provided in article 59 in these rules.
The signal of the 30-second Operator causes the ball to become a dead ball.