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RULE EIGHT. INFRACTIONS AND PENALTIES

60.Violations and Fouls

А violation is аn infraction of the Rules, the penalty for which is the loss of the ball.

When an infraction involves а personal contact with an opponent or unsportsmanlike conduct, the violation becomes a foul, which will be inscribed against the offender and the consequence of which is a penalty administered according to the provisions contained in the relevant article of these Rules.

61.Ball in Play after Violation or Foul

After the ball has become dead following an infraction of the Rules, the ball is put in play

  1. by a throw-in from out-of-bounds, or
  2. by a jump-ball at one of the circles, or
  3. by one or more free throws.

62.Procedure when a Violation is CalIed

When a violation is called the ball becomes dead. The ball is awarded to a nearby opponent for a throw-in from the side line at the point nearest that where the violation occurred. If the ball goes into a basket during the dead ball which follows such a violation, no point сan be scored.

63.Procedure when FouI is Called

When a player foul is called the Official shall signal to the Scorer the number of the offender. The player thus indicated shall turn to face the Scorer's table, and shall immediately raise his hand above his head. For failure to do so, after having been warned once by the Official, a technical foul may be called against the offending player.

If the foul was committed on a player who was not in the act of shooting, the Official shall hand the ball to him or to one of his team mates for a throw-in from the side line at a spot nearest the place of the foul.

If the foul was committed on a player in the act of shooting,

  1. if the goal is made it shall count, and the Official shall hand the ball to the player who is to throw in from the end line,
  2. if the goal is missed, the Official shall take the ball to the free throw line and shall put it at the disposal of the free-thrower unless play is to be resumed by a jump-ball, as in the case of a double foul.

64.How Ball is Put in Play from Out-of-Bounds

The player who is to put the ball in play from out-of-bounds shall stand out-of-bounds at the side line at a spot nearest the point where the ball left the court. Within 5 seconds from the time the ball is at his disposal, be shall throw, bounce or roll the ball to another player within the court. While the ball is being passed into the court no other player shall have any part of his body over the boundary line. When the margin of out-of-bounds territory free from obstruction is less than 1 m., no player of either team shall be within 1 m. of the player who is putting the ball in play.

Whenever the ball is awarded to a team out-of-bounds at the side line between the end line behind the opponents' basket and its middle point, an Official must hand the ball to the player who is to put it in play. mbe purpose of this is to make the decision clear, and not to delay the game unti1 the defensive team gets "set".

65.Violation on Out-of-Bounds Play

А player shall not violate provisions governing putting the ball in play from out-of-bounds. These provisions:

  1. forbid a player who has been awarded the ball to carry it into the court, to touch it in the court before it has touched another p1ayer, or to consume more than 5 seconds in putting the ball in play,
  2. forbid any other player to have any part of his person over the boundary line before the ball has been thrown across the line or to put the ball in play after the Official has awarded it to the other team.

Penalty:

  1. If infraction is of (a), see article 62,
  2. if infraction is of (b), see article 74, penalty.

66.How Ball is Put in Play with Jump-ball

Whenever the ball must be put in play with a jump-ball, this will be done in the manner described in article 26.

67.Free Throws

А free throw is a privilege given a player to score one point by an unhindered throw for goal from a position directly behind the free throw line (see art. 69).

68.Player to Attempt Free Throw

When a personal foul is called, and a free throw penalty is awarded, the player upon whom the foul was committed shall be designated by the Official to attempt the free throws. If any other player attempts the throw, it shall not count if made, and whether made or missed, the ball shall be awarded to an opponent out-of-bounds at the side line opposite the free throw line.

Should a player, by mistake, execute a free throw into his own basket, the try shall be annulled, whether successful or not, and a new try shall be granted at the right basket.

If the designated player must leave the game because of injury, his substitute must attempt the free throws. If the player who has been fouled is to leave the game because of a substitution, he shall attempt the free throws before leaving (see art. 46). When there is no substitute available the free throws may be attempted by the captain or by any player designated by him.

When a technical foul is called, the free throw or throws may be attempted by any player of the opposing team.

69.How a Free Throw is Attempted

The throw for goal shall be made within 5 seconds after the ball has been placed al the disposal of the free thrower at the free throw line. This shall apply to each free throw.

The player who is to attempt the free throws shall take a position immediately behind the free throw line, and shall be free to use any system in throwing the ball but he shall not touch the free throw line or the court beyond the line until the ball touches the ring, or the basket, or the backboard.

Players may not attempt to disconcert the thrower by their action. Neither Official shall stand in the free throw area (restricted area) or behind the backboard.

When a player is attempting a free throw, the other players shall be entitled to take the following position:

  1. two players from the opposing team, the two places nearer the basket:
  2. the other players shall take alternate positions,
  3. all other players may take any other position, provided that:
    1. they neither disturb nor are in the way of the free thrower and of the Officials,
    2. they do not move from their positions before the ball has touched the ring, or the basket, or the backboard,
    3. they do not occupy the places along the free throw lane next to the end line.

On free throws following technical fouls by Coach or substitutes, players shall not line up along the free throw lane (see art. 75 - penalty).

70.Violation or Free Throw Provisions

After the ball bas been placed at the disposal of the free thrower:

  1. he shall throw within 5 seconds and in such a way that the ball enters me basket or touches the ring before it is touched by a player,
  2. neither he nor any other player shall touch the ball or basket while the ball is on its way to the basket or is on or within the basket,
  3. he shall not touch the floor on or across the free throw line and no other player of either team shall touch the free throw lane or disconcert the thrower. This restriction applies until the ball touches the ring or the basket, or the backboard, or until it is apparent it will not touch any of them.

Penalty:

  1. If the violation is by the free thrower only, no point can be scored. Ball becomes dead when violation occurs. Ball is awarded out-of-bounds on the side line, to the free thrower's team opposite centre circle after a technical foul by Coach or substitute, and to the free thrower's opponents opposite the free throw line after a player foul.
  2. If violation of (b) is by a team mate or the free thrower, no point can be scored and violation shall be penalized as above. If violation of (b) is by both teams no point can be scored and play shall be resumed by a jump-ball on the free throw line. If violation of (b) is by the free thrower's opponents only violation is penalized as indicated in art. 30, penalty.
  3. If violation of (e) is by a team mate of the free thrower and the free thrower is successful, the goal shall count and violation be disregarded. 1f the free throw is not successful, violation shall be penalized at above. However, if the ball misses the ring and goes out-of-bounds or falls within bounds, it shall be put in play by the opponents from the side line opposite the free throw line.
  4. If the violation of (c) is by the free thrower's opponents only, if the throw was successful the goal counts and violation is disregarded; if it is not successful, a substitute throw shall be attempted by the same thrower under conditions the same as for the original throw. In these cases, ball is not dead until the throw ends.
  5. If there is a violation of (c) by both teams and the free throw is successful, the goal shall count and violation be disregarded. 1f the free throw is not successful play shall be resumed by a jump-ball on the free throw line.

    If there is a multiple throw, the out-of-bounds and jump-ball provisions apply only to a violation during the last free throw.

71.Technical Foul during Intervals of Play

When a technical foul is called during the half-time interval or during an interval before an extra period, play shall be resumed by a jump-ball at centre after the throw has been attempted.

72.Ball in Play if Free Throw is Missed

If the goal is missed, the ball shall continue in play after the last free throw following a player foul. If the ball misses the ring and the backboard and goes out-of-bounds, it shall be put in play by the opposing team from the side line. If the ball misses the ring and falls within bounds, no p1ayer of either team may play the ball and the ball is put in play from the side line at the point opposite the free throw line by the opposing team.

In case of a free throw following a technical foul by Coach substitute, see art. 31-b.