Game events:

Last 3 seconds:



A substitute before going upon the сourt shall report to the Scorer and must be ready to play immediately.

The Scorer shall sound his signal immediately if the ball is dead and the game watch stopped, or as soon as the ball becomes dead and the game watch is stopped but before the ball is again in play (see art.37), as the consequence of onе of the following situations:

  1. a held ball has been called,
  2. a foul has been called,
  3. a charged time-out has been granted,
  4. game has been stopped to attend an injured player, or for any other reason, ordered by the Officials.

Following a violation, only the team who has possession of the ball for the throw-in from out-of-bounds may effect a substitution. If such a situation occurs, the opponents may also effect a substitution.

The substitute shall remain outside the boundary line until an Official beckons him to enter whereupon he shall report immediately to the nearer Official telling the Official his name or number and the name or number of the player he replaces. When a substitute enters at the beginning of the second half, he is not required to report to an Official, but he must report to the Scorer.

Substitutions shall not take more than 20 seconds, regardless of the number of substitutions effected by one team. If more time is taken, it shall count as a time-out and shall be charged against the offending team.

After a successful free throw, only the player who was attempting the free throw may be substituted provided such substitution was requested before the beginning of ball is in play for the last free throw. A player involved in a jump-ball may not be substituted by another player.

47.Location or Player and Official

The location or a player is determined by where he is touching the floor. When be is in the air from a leap, be retains the same status as when be last touched the floor as far as the boundary lines, the centre line, the free throw line or the lines delimiting the free throw lanes are concerned (except as provided in article 65-b).

The location of an Official is determined in the same manner as that of a player. When the ball touches an Official it is the same as touching the floor at the Official's location.

48.How Ball is Played

In basketball the ball is played with the hands. Kicking or striking it with the fist is a violation. For penalty see art. 62.

Kicking the ball is a violation only when it is a positive aсt; accidentally striking the ball with the foot or leg is not a violation.

49.Control of the Ball

А player is in control of the ball when he is holding a live ball or dribbling it. A team is in control when a player of that team is in control of the ball and also while a live ball is being passed between team mates. Team control continues until there is a try for goal, or an opponent secures control, or the ball becomes dead.

50.Player Out-of-Bounds - Ball Out-of-Bounds

А player is out-of-bounds when be touches the floor on or outside of the boundary lines.

The ball is out-of-bounds when it touches a player who is out-of-bounds or any other person, the floor or any object on or outside a boundary line, or the supports or back of the backboard.

51.How Ball Goes Out-of-Bounds

If the ball is out-of-bounds because of touching something other than a player, it is caused to go out by the last player to touch ir before it goes out. If it is out-of-bounds because of touching a player (on or outside boundary), such a player causes it to go out.

An Official shall clearly indicate the team which shall put the ball in play from out-of-bounds. Out-of-bounds decisions should be clearly signalled by the Officials. If there is doubt about players understanding the decision, the Official should secure the ball and delay the throw-in until the decision has been made clear. (see also art. 56).

To cause the ball to go out-of-bounds is a violation. For penalty see article 62.

If a ball holder who is near a boundary is forced out-of-bounds by negligible contact, Officials may award the ball to this player. Officials should declare jump-ball when they are in doubt as to which team caused the ball to go out-of-bounds.


А pivot takes place when a player who is holding the ball steps once or more than once in any direction with the same foot, the other foot called the pivot foot, being kept at its point of contact with the floor.


А dribble is made when a player, having gained control of the ball, gives impetus to it by throwing, batting, bouncing or rolling it and touches it again before it touches another player. In a dribble the ball must come in contact with the floor, except that one air dribble may be made, that is, a player may begin a dribble by tossing the ball into the air, and may touch it again before it strikes the floor. After giving impetus to the ball as described in the foregoing, the player completes his dribble the instant be touches the ball simultaneously with both hands, or permits the ball co come to rest in one or both hands. There is no limit to the number of steps a player may take when the ball is not in contact with his hand, be may take as many steps as be wishes between bounces of a dribble.

Exception: The following are not dribbles. Successive tries for goal, fumbles, attempts to gain control of the ball by tapping it from the vicinity of other players striving for it, or by batting it from the control of another player, or by blocking a pass and recovering the ball.

A player shall not make a second dribble after having completed a dribble, unless the ball, when it is out of his control, has touched another player, or the opponents' basket or backboard, or has been batted out of his control by an opponent.

To make a second dribble is a violation. For penalty, see article 62.

54.Progressing with the Ball

А player may progress with the ball in any direction within the following limits:

ITEM I - A player who receives the ball while standing still may pivot, using either foot as the pivot foot.

ITEM II - A player who receives the ball while he is progressing or upon completion of a dribble may use a two-count rhythm in coming to a stop or in getting rid of the ball.

The first count occurs:

  1. as he receives the ball if either foot is touching the floor at the time he receives it, or
  2. as either foot touches the floor or as both feet touch the floor simultaneously after he receives the ball if both feet are off the floor when he receives it.

The second count occurs when, after the count of one, either foot touches the floor or both feet touch the floor simultaneously.

When a player comes to a legal stop, if one foot is in advance of the other he may pivot but the rear foot only may be used as the pivot foot. However, if neither foot is in advance of the other, he may use either foot as the pivot foot.

ITEM III - А player who receives the ball while standing still or who comes to a legal stop while holding the ball,

  1. may lift the pivot foot or jump when be throws for goal or passes, but the ball must leave his hands before one or both feet again touch the floor.
  2. may not lift the pivot foot, in starting a dribble, before the ball leaves his hands.

To progress with the ball in excess of these limits is a violation. For penalty see article 62.

55.Held Ball

Held ball is declared when two players of opposing teams have one or both hands firmly on the ball, or held ball to be called when one closely guarded player is withholding the ball from play and is making no apparent effort to bring the ball in play does not pass, shoot, bat, roll or dribble the ball within 5 seconds. Putting the ball in play means to pass, shoot, bat, roll or dribble it.

Officials should not declare held ball moo quickly, Hereby interrupting the continuity of the game, and unjustly taking the ball from the player who gained or is about to gain possession. Under the first clause of this article, held ball should not be called until both players have one or both hands firmly on the ball that neither can gain sole possession without undue roughness.

А held ball decision is not warranted merely on the grounds that the defensive player gets his hands on the ball. Usually such a decision is unfair to the player who has firm possession of the ball.

If a player is lying or sitting on the floor while in possession of the ball, be should have opportunity to play it, but held ball should be called if there is danger of injury.

When held ball is called, the ball shall be tossed up between the two contending players at the nearest circle. In case of doubt, the ball shall be tossed up at centre.

56.Jump-Ball in Special Situations

If the ball goes out-of-bounds and was last touched simultaneously by two opponents, or if the Official is in doubt as to who last touched the ball, or if the Officials disagree, play shall be resumed by a jump-ball between the two involved players at the nearest circle.

Whenever the ball lodges on the basket supports, it shall be put in play by a jump-ball between any two opponents on the nearer free throw line, except when such a situation arises during a free throw following a technical foul by Coach or substitute (see art. 75), in which case the ball shall be put in play in the prescribed manner.

57.Player in the Act of Throwing for Goal

А player is in the act of throwing for goal when be has the ball and in the judgment of the Official, is throwing, or is attempting to throw, for goal.

Moreover, the act of shooting continues after the ball has left the player's hands until be regains his equilibrium and is no longer in a defenseless position. On a jump-ball neither player has possession of the ball at the instant it is tapped, and therefore neither can be considered in the act of shooting, even though one player may tap the ball towards or into the basket.

58.Three-second Rule

А player shall not remain for more than three seconds in that part of the opponents' restricted area, between the end line and the farther edge of the free throw line, while the ball is in control of his team, the 3-second restriction is in force in all out-of-hounds situations, and the count shall start at the moment the player throwing-in is out-of-bounds and has possession of the ball.

The lines bounding the restricted area are part of it and a player touching one of these lines is in the area. The 3-second restriction does not apply while the ball is in the air on a try for goal, or while it is rebounding from the backboard, or is dead, because the ball is not in control of either team at such times. Allowance may be made for a player who, having been in the restricted area for less than 3 seconds, dribbles in to throw for goal.

An infraction of this rule is a violation. For penalty, see article 62.


When a team gains possession of the ball a try for goal must be made within 30 seconds.

Failure to do so, is a violation of this rule. For penalty see article 62.

If the ball goes out-of-bounds during the 30-second period, and the ball is awarded to the same team, a new 30-second period shall begin. The mere touching of the ball by an opponent does not start a new 30-second period if the same team remains in control of the ball.

If a player deliberately throws or bats the ball into an opponent, causing it to go out-of-bounds, the ball shall be awarded to the opponents, even though it was last touched by that team. This provision is made to prevent a team from illegally obtaining a new 30-second period.

All regulations concerning the end of playing time shall apply to violations of the 30-second Rule.