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А violation is аn infraction of the Rules, the penalty for which is the loss of the ball.
When an infraction involves а personal contact with an opponent or unsportsmanlike conduct, the violation becomes a foul, which will be inscribed against the offender and the consequence of which is a penalty administered according to the provisions contained in the relevant article of these Rules.
After the ball has become dead following an infraction of the Rules, the ball is put in play
When a violation is called the ball becomes dead. The ball is awarded to a nearby opponent for a throw-in from the side line at the point nearest that where the violation occurred. If the ball goes into a basket during the dead ball which follows such a violation, no point сan be scored.
When a player foul is called the Official shall signal to the Scorer the number of the offender. The player thus indicated shall turn to face the Scorer's table, and shall immediately raise his hand above his head. For failure to do so, after having been warned once by the Official, a technical foul may be called against the offending player.
If the foul was committed on a player who was not in the act of shooting, the Official shall hand the ball to him or to one of his team mates for a throw-in from the side line at a spot nearest the place of the foul.
If the foul was committed on a player in the act of shooting,
The player who is to put the ball in play from out-of-bounds shall stand out-of-bounds at the side line at a spot nearest the point where the ball left the court. Within 5 seconds from the time the ball is at his disposal, be shall throw, bounce or roll the ball to another player within the court. While the ball is being passed into the court no other player shall have any part of his body over the boundary line. When the margin of out-of-bounds territory free from obstruction is less than 1 m., no player of either team shall be within 1 m. of the player who is putting the ball in play.
Whenever the ball is awarded to a team out-of-bounds at the side line between the end line behind the opponents' basket and its middle point, an Official must hand the ball to the player who is to put it in play. mbe purpose of this is to make the decision clear, and not to delay the game unti1 the defensive team gets "set".
А player shall not violate provisions governing putting the ball in play from out-of-bounds. These provisions:
Whenever the ball must be put in play with a jump-ball, this will be done in the manner described in article 26.
А free throw is a privilege given a player to score one point by an unhindered throw for goal from a position directly behind the free throw line (see art. 69).
When a personal foul is called, and a free throw penalty is awarded, the player upon whom the foul was committed shall be designated by the Official to attempt the free throws. If any other player attempts the throw, it shall not count if made, and whether made or missed, the ball shall be awarded to an opponent out-of-bounds at the side line opposite the free throw line.
Should a player, by mistake, execute a free throw into his own basket, the try shall be annulled, whether successful or not, and a new try shall be granted at the right basket.
If the designated player must leave the game because of injury, his substitute must attempt the free throws. If the player who has been fouled is to leave the game because of a substitution, he shall attempt the free throws before leaving (see art. 46). When there is no substitute available the free throws may be attempted by the captain or by any player designated by him.
When a technical foul is called, the free throw or throws may be attempted by any player of the opposing team.
The throw for goal shall be made within 5 seconds after the ball has been placed al the disposal of the free thrower at the free throw line. This shall apply to each free throw.
The player who is to attempt the free throws shall take a position immediately behind the free throw line, and shall be free to use any system in throwing the ball but he shall not touch the free throw line or the court beyond the line until the ball touches the ring, or the basket, or the backboard.
Players may not attempt to disconcert the thrower by their action. Neither Official shall stand in the free throw area (restricted area) or behind the backboard.
When a player is attempting a free throw, the other players shall be entitled to take the following position:
On free throws following technical fouls by Coach or substitutes, players shall not line up along the free throw lane (see art. 75 - penalty).
After the ball bas been placed at the disposal of the free thrower:
When a technical foul is called during the half-time interval or during an interval before an extra period, play shall be resumed by a jump-ball at centre after the throw has been attempted.
If the goal is missed, the ball shall continue in play after the last free throw following a player foul. If the ball misses the ring and the backboard and goes out-of-bounds, it shall be put in play by the opposing team from the side line. If the ball misses the ring and falls within bounds, no p1ayer of either team may play the ball and the ball is put in play from the side line at the point opposite the free throw line by the opposing team.
In case of a free throw following a technical foul by Coach substitute, see art. 31-b.