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The proper conduct of the Game demands the full and loyal сo-operation of members of both teams, including Coaches and substitutes, with the Officials and their assistants.
Both teams are entitled to do their best to secure victory, but this must be done in а spirit of sportsmanship and fair play.
Аn infringement of this co-operation or of this spirit, when deliberate or repeated, should be considered as а Technical Foul and penalized as provided in the following articles of these Rules.
А player shall not disregard admonitions by Officials or use unsportsmanlike tactics, such as:
Technical infractions which are obviously unintentional and have no effect on the game, or are of an administrative character, are not considered technical fouls unless there is repetition of the same infraction after a warning by an Official to the offending player and to his captain.
Technical infractions which are deliberate or are unsportsmanlike or give the offender an unfair advantage, should be penalized propmtly with a technical foul.
А foul shall be charged and recorded for each offence and two free throws awarded the opponent for each foul and the captain shall designate the thrower. For flagrant or persistent infraction of this article, a player shall be disqualified ond removed from the game.
If discovery of foul is after ball is in play following the foul, penalty should be administered as if foul had occurred at the time of discovery. Whatever occurred in the interval between the foul and its discovery shall be valid.
А Coach or a substitute shall not enter the court unless by permission of an Official to attend an injured player, nor leave his place to follow the action on the court from the boundary lines, nor disrespectfully address Officials (including Scorer, Timekeeper and 30-second Operator), or opponents.
А Coach may address players of his team during a charged time- out provided he does not enter playing court and players do not cross boundary line (unless permission is first obtained from an Official). Substitutes may also listen in provided they do nor enter the playing court.
The distinction between unintentional and deliberate infractions ( see art. 74) applies also to infractions committed by Coaches and substitutes.
A foul shall be charged and inscribed against the Coach and one free throw awarded for each offence, and the opposing captain shall designate the thrower. During the free throw player shall not line up along the free throw lanes. After the throw, the ball shall be put in play by any player of the free thrower's team from out-of-bounds at mid-court on the side line, whether or not the throw is successful. For flagrant or persistent infraction of this article, a Coach may be banished from the vicinity of the court. He shall be replaced by the captain.
Although Basketball is theoretically a "no-contact game", it is obvious that personal contact cannot be avoided entirely when ten players are moving with great rapidity over a limited space. For instance, the ball is free; two opponents start quickly for the ball and collide. The personal contact may be serious, yet, if both were in favourable positions from which to get the ball and were intent only upon getting it, an unavoidable accident, and not a foul, occurs. On the other hand, if one p1ayer is about to catch the ball and an opponent behind him jumping in an attempt to get the ball, strikes him in the back, the opponent commits a foul even though he is "playing the ball". In this case, as in "guarding from the rear" the player behind is usually responsible for the contact because of his unfavourable position related to the ball and to his opponent. In short, if personal contact results from a "bonafide" attempt to play the ball, if the players are in such positions that they could reasonably expect to gain the ball without contact and if they use due care to avoid contact, such contact, may be classified as accidental and need not be penalized.
А personal foul is a player foul which involves contact with an opponent.
Blocking is personal contact which impedes te progress of an opponent who is not in possession of the ball (see comments on blocking, following the Rules).
Holding is personal contact with an opponent that interferes with his freedom of movement.
Guarding from the rear which results in personal contact is a personal foul. Officials should give special attention to this type of infraction. The mere fact that the defensive player is attempting to play the ball does not justify him in making contact with the player in possession of the ball. If the defensive p1ayer causes personal contact in an attempt to get at the ball from an unfavourable position, he should be penalized.
А player shall not hold, push, charge, trip, impede the progress of an opponent by extending his arm, shoulder, hip, or knee, or by bending his body into other than normal position, not use any rough tactics. He shall not contact an opponent with his hand unless contact is only with the opponent's hand while it is on the ball and is incidental to an attempt to play the ball, eхcept when the other player is in the act of shooting. Contact caused by a defensive player approaching the ball holder from behind is a form of pushing and that caused by the momentum of a player who has thrown for goal, is a form of charging.
А dribbler shall not charge into nor contact an opponent in his path, nor attempt a dribble between two opponents or between an opponent and a boundary line, unless the space is such as to provide a reasonable chance for him to go through without contact. If a dribbler without causing contact, passes an opponent sufficiently to have head and shoulders in advance of him, the greater responsibility for subsequent contact is on the opponent. If a dribbler has established a straight line path, he may not be crowded out of that path but, if an opponent is able to establish a legal defensive position in that path, the dribbler must avoid contact by changing direction or ending the dribble.
А player who screens (attempts to prevent an opponent from reaching a desired position) and who makes little effort to play the ball has the greater responsibility if contact occurs:
А personal foul shall be charged to the offender in all cases.
An intentional foul is a personal foul committed deliberately by a player, and of a gravity situated between that of a normal personal foul - and that of a disqualifying foul.
A player who deliberately disregards the ball and causes personal contact with an opponent who controls the ball commits an intentional foul. This is generally true also of fouls committed on a player who does not have the ball. A player who controls the ball may also commit an intentional foul if he deliberately contacts an opponent. A player who repeatedly commits intentional fouls may be disqualified.
A personal foul shall be charged to the offender and in addition two free throws are awarded, except when a goal is scored by the offended player.
A double foul is a situation in which two opponents commit fouls against each other at approximately the same time.
ln case of a double foul, no free throw shall be awarded but a personal foul shall be charged against each offending player.
The ball shall be put in play at the nearest circle by a jump-ball between the two players involved.
A multiple foul is a situation in which two or more team mates commit personal fouls against the same opponent at approximately the same time.
When two or more personal fouls are committed against a player by opponents, one foul shall be charged to each offending player, and the offended player shall be awarded two free throws, irrespective of the number of fouls.
If the fouls are committed on a player in the act of shooting, the goal if made shall count, and no free throws be awarded but the fouls shall be charged against the offending players, and the ball shall be put in play from behind the end line.
Whenever a foul is called on the opponent of a player who, as part of a continuous motion which started before the foul occurred, succeeds in making a field goal, the goal shall count even if the ball leaves the player's hands after the whistle blows, provided the whistle did not affect the game. The player must be throwing for goal or starting an effort to throw for goal when the whistle blows; the goal does not count if be makes an entirely new effort after the whistle blows.
Еach Official has power to call fouls independently from the other, and this at any time during the Game, whether the ball is alive or dead.
Fouls committed during the dead ball that follows a foul are considered as being committed at the time the ball became dead because of the first foul.
Any number of fouls may therefore be called at the same time against one or both teams.
The following basic principle should be observed in making decisions:
A team in possession of the ball may expect to score a field goal; if the field goal is scored and is valid, free-throw and out-of-bounds penalties related to eventual fouls committed against that team in this situation will be disregarded, and the ball will be put in play by opponents as if no foul had occurred. However, a foul will be charged inscribed on the Score Sheet for each offence.
When a double foul and another foul are committed at the
same time, the double foul shall be dealt with as in article
Sistuations other than those foreseen in these Rules may occur when fouls are committed at approximately the same time or during the dead ball that follows a foul, a double foul, or a multiple foul.
As a general direction to Officials, the following principles may be applied in such situation:
Any flagrantly unsportsmanlike infraction of articles 74 and 77 is a disqualifying foul. A player who commits such a foul must be disqualified and removed immediately from the game.
A player who has committed five fouls either personal or technical must automatically leave the game.